Pakistan and Russia have a history of divergence and
ambiguity in their foreign policies. Since Independence
Pakistans policy towards Russia remained complex and contradictory.
Historically there were highs and lows in their relationship, but
uncertainty prevails in their approaches. This was due to Pakistans
western inclination and Russias pro-India alliance. However, the
relationship was revitalized in the last 2 decades as both states see
strategic interest in improving the relationship. Russia has started to exert
itself as a superpower in the current geopolitics whereas Pakistan has also
managed to improve its status as a regional player with respect to
geostrategic location, its proximity to hot waters and its role in
Afghanistan. However, Pakistans foreign policy realignment took 50
years to adjust to improve the Pak-Russia relationship. One needs to
assess the determinants of Pakistans foreign policy with respect to Russia
with historical contradictions and current reality.
1-Jazib Mumtaz: PhD Scholar,Department of Social Sciences, SZABIST Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Ramzan: Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, SZABIST Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Saima Gul: Lecturer,Department to IR,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.