The purpose of this research is to evaluate ethnicity and its impact on the political structure of Punjab, Pakistan. This paper examines the role of ethnicity in political behaviour of the masses in Punjab. A social counsel that shows the recognition of a specific group which is descended from the same predecessors is called ethnicity while political development is the continuous decrease of ethnic, social, and religious pressure and components. This topic is vital because of subverting tendencies of the circumstances that in reality endanger the survival of the minority groups in Punjab and therefore hampers significant political development. The governments haven’t yielded any efficacious outcomes in spite of elucidation that has been consistently provided. Subsequently, they need to search for a more practical alternative by focusing on the divisions that are present in ethnic societies. Ethnic democracy should be present that is a governmental system which links the ethnic groups to their democratic and political rights. Quantitative research technique is used in this research article to know the public opinion about Ethnicity and political development. The Researchers collected the data by distributing Questionnaire among people.
Ethnicity, Political Development, Ethnic Conflict, Punjab, Pakistan
First of all, researchers have formulated a questionnaire in which the major issues and solutions of ethnicity conflicts were highlighted. The questionnaire was distributed to the people and collected the data from 300 respondents from Punjab. After the collection of data, researchers found that there was a clash in opinion of people in Punjab about ethnicity and its relation with political development. Researchers found that conflict is present in different ethnic groups in Pakistan and also gave solutions for proper way to control conflict and issues of political development in Punjab.
1. Ethnic conflicts are dependent on the political system which serves to either reduce or intensify feelings of ethnicity.
Different inter-ethnic groups’ conflicts destabilize the political system and undermine the foundation of a state. The tribal conflict in areas like Punjab intensifies conflicts between Punjabi, Saraiki and other ethnic groups which hampers the development in Punjab. The successive governments have not taken this issue seriously and did not address the real grievances of different ethnic groups. Rarely, the situation is handled by the policy makers by controlling violent activities and minimizing conflict. Therefore our hypothesis regarding the control of ethnic conflict is right in which government should take part to control ethnic conflict in society by promoting the concept of equality, social justice and harmony. In short, ethnic democracy should be present in a governmental system which links the ethnic groups to their democratic and political rights. All the ethnic groups have the freedom to engage in the political process.