Afghanistan is having a very long historical
background. It dates back to 1500 BC when Islam
was far away from this region. Different dynasties established their
foundations and were ruined away. The paper brings into light
major common factors among Pakistan and Afghanistan. It l
highlights the past of Afghanistan before the Islamic period and after
the arrival of Islam in this region. Especially the historical
background which is totally the same among the two states.
Similarly, rulers consolidated their empire from Afghanistan to
India. The paper also elaborates different dynasties and how
residents of the concerned area faced such aggressions with
though resistance. Who never surrendered against any foreign rule
and gained independence as a sovereign state. It still survives to
face superpowers rivalry that affect the very foundations of IndoAfghan states.
1-Huma Qayum: PhD Political Science and Visiting lecturerDepartment of Politics and IR,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Zahir Shah: Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Jan Alam: Research Scholar, Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Pre-Islamic period, Post-Islamic period, historical background, Muslim rulers