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Ulema and the Freedom Struggle for Pakistan
In the freedom struggle in British India, Ulama had played a significant role. Ranging from the socio-cultural guidance of
the Muslims to leading them politically, they played their role actively in every sphere of life. Starting their active political
role in British India in 1803, Ulama continued their struggle till 1947. Darul Uloom-i-Deoband, apparently a religious
seminary, was built for the revitalization of Muslim society in India. The Ulama were the pioneers, who initiated the
very idea of freedom from the imperial power. The tenderness, dynamism, and catholicity which was created in this
movement, in fact, was due to the unending and countless struggle of the Ulama. It is an undeniable fact that the
independence movement and the history of the Indo-Pak subcontinent are so mixed-up with the history of Ulama and
religious personalities that it is now difficult to separate one from another
PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Syed Ali Shah
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Muhammad Shoaib Malik
Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modem Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.