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Indian Response to Chinese String of Pearls Doctrine
The paper explores the origin and analysis of the
so-called Beijings String of Pearls doctrine that
refers to the Strait of Malacca, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka,
Pakistan, the Maldives, the Strait of Hormuz, Sudan, Kenya,
Somalia and IOR. The paper further elaborated on the Indian
response to the Chinese String of Pearls Doctrine by countering
through Indian Act East Policy, investing in the Iranian Chabahar
port and by developing Indo-Pacific alliance with Japan and the
USA. This piece of the paper concluded that the Chinese
investment in all these ports, islands and chokepoints are a counter
strategy to the Malacca Dilemma and to ensure the Beijing Sea
lanes of Communication. The study found that the Chinese never
used or declared a policy statement about the String of Pearl policy
and originally it was coined by the U.S. consulting firm Booz Allen
Hamilton and got popularity with publication in Energy Futures in
PhD Scholar, Department of Political Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Research Scholar, Department of International Relations, COMSATS, Islamabad, Pakistan.
String of Pearls, China, India, Pakistan, Indian Ocean Region, CPEC