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Jirga and Sharitization: An Analysis of Maraka in District Karak
This paper aims at analyzing the traditional
processes of conflict resolution in Pukhtoon
society. The institution under study is Jirga an essential element of
Pukhtunwali. By using Karak district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as a
case study, this paper explores Maraka a form of Jirga that
dispenses justice at a local level on the basis of Pukhtunwali and
Shariah. This study found that the current conflict in the region has
significant implications for the institution of Maraka in terms of its
structure, composition and dispensation of justice. In most of the
Jirgas Ulama (religious clerics) are considered to be an essential
part of it. The inclusion of Ulama is making this institution
vulnerable to shariatization. A significant number of decisions are
taking place on the basis of locally interpreted Shariah law. The
paper argues that this trend of shariatization of this institution leads
to the weakening of the social relations in the area
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, FATA University FR Kohat. KP, Pakistan.
Syed Imran Haider
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Social Work and Population Studies, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.