When the British arrived at the North-West Frontier, it
adopted several special measures to crush the resistance
from Pashtun tribes and safeguard colonial interests. One of these special
measures was the introduction of FCR, which was introduced to increase
the conviction rate in criminal cases without the requirements of due
process of law. This paper tries to present a detailed account of FCR from
its introduction to its abolition. It highlights the circumstances which led to
the introduction of FCR. It further explains how the British revised the FCR
from time to time to expand its scope to make it better serve imperial
interests. Its review by various commissions/committees and higher
judiciary observations about it are also discussed in this paper. This paper
is based on both primary sources like archival material and personal
interviews as well as secondary sources.
1-Noor Hamid Khan Mahsud : Associate Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Mian Saeed Ahmad : Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Wasai : PhD Scholar, Taxila Institute of Asian Civilizations, Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan.