This paper is an attempt to explore the federal structure(Center-Province Relationship) of Pakistan from a historical perspective and spotlight on how it underwent from a strong centralized federation to a decentralized federal structure after the 18th amendment, which was made in the 1973 constitution during the year 2010. In addition, the focus is made on the controversies on the 18th amendment, although the majority of provinces are of the opposite opinion.The last portion of this piece is devoted to the concept of Cooperative federalism, its evolution and its pros and cons, as is evident in certain countries like USA, Mexico, India and Canada. Can it be a fit model for a polity like Pakistan is a question that invites debate at all levels, especially by political leadership,policymakers, civil society and academia.
1-Zahir Shah: Professor, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan2-Yunas Khan: Assistant Professor/HOD, Department of Pakistan Studies, Islamia College Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Rowaid Khan: Lecturer in Pakistan Studies, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, KP, Pakistan.
Federalism, Pakistan, 18th Amendment, USA, Mexico, India, Canada