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An Analysis of Sino-Indian Relations: Modus Operandi or Modus Vivendi
China and India celebrated their embryonic relations with
a documented modus vivendi i.e. “The Panchsheel
Agreement”. This concord highlighted five principles of peaceful coexistence between India and China. The Tibet region was the nucleus of
this agreement. Nevertheless, after four years of its celebration,
eyebrows raised from both sides in 1959 when China started its
unification process and India welcomed the Dalai Lama, a separatist
leader of the Tibetan region. This caused bitterness between India and
China and both the states reversed to their retrospective modus
operandi, which later on graduated into a full-fledged war between the
two countries in 1962. Despite their limited modus vivendi in the 21st
century, both the states tend more towards their intrinsic modus
operandi. This analytical study is discussing the Sino-Indian relations
through the lenses of Modus vivendi and Modus operandi and its
implication for Pakistan.
PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science & International Relations, Qurtaba University of Science & IT, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & International Relations, Qurtaba University of Science & IT, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Ghulam Hussain Abid Sipra
PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Sino-Indian Geo-strategic competition, Modus Vivendi, Modus Operandi, Synergy