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Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Membership: The Case of India and Pakistan
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was established after
Indias 1974 nuclear tests. Only signatories of the
Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) can fulfill the criteria for NSG
membership. India is not a signatory of NPT. India, however, is
getting support from the US for entry into the NSG. Since Pakistan is
a nuclear power and a non-NPT signatory so, it also applied for
membership of the NSG along with India in 2016. Pakistan took the
stance of criteria-based membership - entry either for all or none.
China opposed membership of India into the group based on the
NPT signatory grounds. Thus, Indias membership was vetoed. This
article analyzes NSGs membership case of India and Pakistan. It
further discusses the nuclear doctrines of India and Pakistan. In Indias
membership case, it highlights the role of the US and Grossis
proposal. In Pakistans membership case, it discusses Chinas role
MS Scholar, Department of IR. Sindh University, Jamshoro, Sindh.
Muhammad Ramzan Kolachi
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, SZABIST, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
MPhil Scholar, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.