Since the peoples uprising in 2011 against the
authoritarian regime of Bashar Al Assad and its
oppressive policies, Syria is entangled in a long spiral of violent conflict.
Though several factors explain the violent nature of the conflict and its
longevity. However, the geopolitical interests of the regional and global
powers like Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the US vs. Russia respectively, in
this country has been the main determinant of this war. The intervention
of the US and Russia in this war for their vested geopolitical interests has
brought havoc and disaster to the country. By supporting opposite
parties both these states have, instead of creating peace, prolonged the
conflict for almost a decade. This paper tries to analyze the role of the
global powers in the Syrian civil war, through the Power Transition
Theory. No prospects of peace are visible in the near future as long as
they try to balance one anothers power or unless there emerges a clear
1-Saima Gul: Lecturer,Department of International Relations,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Tayyab: Research Scholar, National Defence University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Arif Khan: Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,University of Buner, Swari, KP, Pakistan.
Power Transition Theory, Arab Spring, Middle East, Civil War.