The regional security matrix of the Middle East is
facing serious challenges since the US invasion of Iraq,
which has left a deep impact on the regional balance of power. A
hostile nation towards Iran becomes an ally after the fall of the
Saddam regime. Things are changing rapidly when several series of
protests across the Arab and African region erupted since 2011 with
the Tunisian revolution to be first on the list. Muslim countries across
the Arab and African region faced regime changes, the rise of nonstate actors (NSA) and infighting due to breakdown state institutions.
This article explores the evolving post Arab Spring situation in the
region and suggests policy options for Pakistan.
1-Muhammad Shoaib Malik: Assistant Professor,Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Waseem Ishaque: Assistant Professor, Department of IR,National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Ali Shah: Assistant Professor,Department of Pakistan Studies,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.