The Indian Ocean is important due to its strategic
location, geopolitical significance and trade activities
being performed through it. The United States of America is attaining
energy, and other resources have a deep interest in the region. China,
through its "string of pearls strategy", is encountering the American goals
in the regional by the promotion of its economic activities, securing its
dominance in the region, thus posing a constant challenge to the later
as well as a regional power i.e. India. Contending interests of regional
and international powers in the Indian Ocean Region has led to power
projection, affected the security environment, fuelling the issues. The
necessity to preserve the available energy resources for survival and to
meet future needs is attracting great powers to the Indian Ocean Region.
The close alliance between the US and India and dwindling relations
between the US and Pakistan are leading towards close ties between
Pakistan and China.
1-Muhammad Umer Hayat: Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Syeda Aqsa Sajjad: PhD Scholar, Department of International Relations, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Farrukh Shahzad: Assistant Professor, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Indian Ocean, Pakistan, Indus Water Treaty, Challenges, Rising China