The paper analyzes the fluctuations in Pak-Afghan relations
throughout history and impacts of the foreign powers'
involvement in their relations. Both have cultural, economic and historical
linkages being Muslim and neighbouring countries. Pakistan always tried to
strengthen its relations with Afghanistan but the foreign powers' involvement
diminishes their mutual trust level. Pak-Afghan relations have never been
constant since beginning, although, there are multiple bondage opportunities
between them. Afghan President Hamid Karazai once called both states as
"Twin Brothers" who do not afford enmity. Terrorism, Durand Line, cross border
insurgency and refugee crisis are the main issues between them and both should
develop a mechanism to resolve these issues. This mechanism must be too
strong that any third country could not interfere. Both should resolve their issues
through dialogue and not to blame each other. Bilateral trade and people to
people contacts should be increased to enhance their trust.
1-Naveed Anjum: PhD Scholar, Department of International Relations, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shoaib Malik: Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Fazal Rabbi: Assistant Professor/Head, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.