Existing literature on democratization suggests that societies once exposed to democratic liberties develop a deep spirit of resistance. This spirit of resistance is manifested in various movements for the restoration of democracies whenever democratic liberties are taken away by military dictatorships. This paper investigates this spirit of resistance during General Zia's era. It is argued here that eleven years of the militarys' control was challenged on different fronts by the society and finally compelling it to step back and surrender political space to the political elites. Arguments for this paper are developed by reviewing and critically analyzing the mainstream academic works produced about Zia years.
1-Adil Khan : Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Imran : Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government College Havelian Abbottabad, KP, Pakistan.3-Nazakat : Lecturer, Department of English, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Pakistan, Democracy, Martial Law, Zia Years, Democratization, Military