Using secondary data, the study is an attempt to
analyze the rise of jihad in the Pakhtun region. The
objective is to investigate the transformation of jihad and the role of
Pakhtun culture in the process. The study provides a thorough analysis
of the historical background of Jihadi activities in the region, the role
of religious figures, the establishment and role of the Darul Uloom
Deoband before the creation of Pakistan, and the Afghan jihad and
its aftermath after the creation of Pakistan. The study concludes that
the concept of jihad has been manipulated historically by non-state
actors to gain political authority and lately by the state actors
themselves for the achievement of certain foreign policy goals. The
study further concludes that although much of this process of jihad
has historically been pronounced on the Pakhtun land, however, it is
important to note that it is not culturally driven.
1-Abdul Shakoor : Assistant Professor/Chairman, Department of International Relations, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, (AWKUM), KP, Pakistan.