A political alliance is a temporary combination of groups or
individuals formed to pursue specific objectives through joint
action. Pluralist democracies are characterized by alliances and coalitions by
diverse political parties. Political parties, desiring to exercise powers in
democracies having parliamentary setups, naturally have to come in coalition with
the major political party in parliament. Political parties sometimes make preelection alliances while some make coalitions in the post-election era with the
ruling party. Alliance political culture has deep-rooted impacts on Pakistani
politics. These alliances gave tough times to military dictators throughout the
history of Pakistan and contributed towards strengthening democracy in Pakistan.
For instance, Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) was formed on 30th April
1967against Ayub Khan and the Movement for Restoration of Democracy on 8th
February 1981. This paper enunciates and explores the politics of coalition in
Pakistan before the dismemberment of Bangladesh and its impacts on the
1-Muhammad Qasim: PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Ahmad Ali: Lecturer, Department of Higher Education Peshawar,KP, Pakistan.