The concept of intelligence cooperation and national
security is not new, particularly after realism which
interpreted these concepts with different perspectives. International states
are sovereign, and they got the capacity to secure themselves from internal
and external threats, i.e., army is a key to state security as it can attack
the enemy to protect its borders. States are not all the time hostiles, but
after 9/11, the concept of national security with refers to intelligence
cooperation is a highly debatable issue. This paper study the concept of
intelligence cooperation with reference to Pakistan in the previous history
and present perspectives after 9/11 and the Global war against terrorism.
1-Muhammad Faizan Asgher : MPhil, Peace & Counter Terrorism Studies, Minhaj University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Shabnam Gul : Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.