The overall U.S. strategy in Afghanistan lacks clarity and
consistently coordinated efforts/policies to bring peace in the
war-torn country. From the Bush to Obama and Trump administrations,
the situation remains complex, and ambiguity prevails on the future of
Afghanistan and achievements; therefore, the U.S. needs to think outside
the box to emerge from this turbulent 19 years-long war. No single country
can bring peace and security in Afghanistan due to its complex and diverse
nature of issues, its history of conflicts and unsettled domestic issues, which
divided the nation into different tribes and factions. The continuity in using
soft and smart powers, a multilateral approach, along with Principal-Agent
theory, would help to further pave the way forward for bringing peace in
Afghanistan. The consistent approach towards state-building and nationbuilding took by U.S. coalitions, and the U.N. will have a positive impact
and create a consensus to develop a peaceful and stable Afghanistan.
1-Waseem Khokhar : Ph.D. Scholar, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Tahir Jamil : Assistant Professor, Area Study Centre, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Qamar Abid Hussain : Ph.D. Department of Pakistan Studies, Bahuddian Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Post 9/11, Anti-Terrorism, Multilateralism, Peace Initiatives, Foreign Policy, Afghan War, Obama, Peace Building, Pakistan