The modern state that developed in the Indian
subcontinent after the arrival of colonial power in the
region had profound effects on the internal religious-spiritual matters
of Sufi shrines. The Chishti Sufi shrine of Baba Farid, in Pakpattan,
also heavily affected by the emergent state's policies in all respects.
The state's intrusion into the ritualistic matters of the shrine has
gradually reduced the traditional custodian of the shrine to a mere
ceremonial head of the institution. The process of politicization of Sufi
rituals started during the British Raj; the crucial interference in the
ceremonies of the shrine came after the take-over of the
management and the administration of the shrine of Baba Farid by
the West Pakistan Auqaf authorities during the early 1960s. This
study is intended to explore the emergence and development of the
centuries-old ritualistic patterns of the shrine, the modern state's
contrivances that affected them, and the resultant effects of the said
evolution on the local religious authority of the traditional office
bearers of the shrine.
1-Muhammad Mubeen : Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Auqaf Department, Bahishti Darvaza, Chishti Sufism, dastarbandi, modern state, Pakpattan, Sufi rituals, shrine of Baba Farid, sajjada-nishin, langar-khana