The Palestine issue is attributed to be the most complicated
problem in the region of the Middle East. However, few
researchers analyze the problem through the lens of ethnic conflict. This
research paper investigates that the use of Zionism as a metaphor for
colonialism and its role in fostering an ethnic conflict between Israeli and
Palestinians. Qualitative content analysis is used to analyze secondary
data on ethnic conflict in present Israel. In addition to that bargaining
model of war is used to identify the underlying issues of the ethnic conflict.
The findings reveal that Zionism and identity contribute to accelerating the
ethnic conflict between Israeli and Palestinians. Despite international
interventions and signing many peace agreements, the problem remains
unresolved due to a trust deficit between both ethnicities.
1-Muhammad Owais : Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.