The term media sociology most often refers to the study of
various influences on media content, it encompasses the
factors shaping media content for certain effects. Studies that look into the
socialization of media workers, their professional attitude and many other
things associated with them, found the absence of objectivity and abundance
of biases in media content. They present a clear-cu ...Read More
1-Muhammad Atif Shahzad: PhD Scholar, Department of Centre for Media & Communication Studies, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Zahid Yousaf: Associate Professor,Department of Centre for Media & Communication Studies,University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.
Media Sociology, Journalists, Objectivity, Biases, Media Content, Construction of Message, Influences
The Crisis of Governance in Pakistan: A Critical Analysis of Benazir Bhutto Government (1988-1990).
Democratic governance empowers and provides citizens the
opportunity to live a life of their free will. Unfortunately,
Pakistans democracy is confronted with numerous challenges. Among these
challenges, governance issues are worthy of attention. The paper especially
focuses on PPPs first tenure under Benazir Bhutto in terms of its
commitment to democratic governance. It was expected that the ...Read More
1-Bakhtiar Khan: Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science, University of Buner, Swari, KP, Pakistan. 2-Arif Khan: Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Buner, Swari, KP, Pakistan. 3-Irfan Khan: Lecturer,Department of Political Science, University of Buner, Swari, KP, Pakistan.
Governance, Democracy, Benazir Bhutto, Government and Opposition
Smartphone Addiction: A Boon or Bane for Pakistani University Students
The use of smartphones has enormously increased among students around the world. Few studies have focused on this critical issue in Pakistan. This study examined the influence of Smartphone addiction in Pakistan. A survey questionnaire was utilized to collect data consisting of three dimensions: (a) Smartphone usage, (b) textbook use, and (c) self-study. A total of 401 university students responde ...Read More
1-M. Anees ul Husnain Shah: Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Education DG khan Campus, Pakistan. 2-Iqbal Ahmad: Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir Lower, KP, Pakistan.3-M. Adnan Maqbool: PhD Scholar, I.E.R, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Analysis of Pakistan's Policy Towards Afghan Refugees: A Legal Perspective
This article explores Pakistan’s policy towards Afghan refugees since their arrival into Pakistan in 1979. As Pakistan has no refugee related law at national level nor is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its Protocol of 1967; but despite of all these obstacles it has welcomed the refugees from Afghanistan after the Russian aggression. During their stay here in Pakistan, these refuge ...Read More
1-Muhammad Zubair: Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Aqeel Khan: Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 3-Muzamil Shah: Superintendent, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
CASA-1000: Its Potential for Regional Trade and Development
The Central Asia South Asia Electricity Transmission and
Trade Project (CASA-1000) is a trans-regional project aiming
transition of 1300 megawatts hydroelectric power from Central Asian states;
Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic, to South Asian countries; Afghanistan and
Pakistan. This is not merely an energy project transiting electricity but having
potential to enhance bilateral and multilatera ...Read More
1-Zaheer Abbas: PhD Scholar, Department of IR, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Inayat Kalim: Assistant Professor, Department of IR, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shoaib Malik: Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
CASA-1000, Electricity, Energy, Trade, Development
Pale Dawn of Democracy: Post Ziaul Haq political developments and 1988 Elections in Pakistan
The death of Pakistans Chief of Army Staff and President, General Ziaul Haq, with several senior army officers in a plane crash in August 1988 ushered Pakistan in utter chaos and uncertainty. Though his successors in power positions ruled in favor of democracy, the elections were heavily influenced to in favor of pro-establishment parties and against PPP and its leader Benazir Bhutto. The poli ...Read More
1-Muhammad Ali Shaikh: Ex Vice Chancellor, Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. 2-Stephen John: Associate Professor, Department of Education, Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. 3-Ann Samson: Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.